Plato (BC-348/347 BC), was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world, along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Plato was originally a student of Socrates and was as much influenced by his thinking as by his apparently unjust execution.
Plato’s sophistication as a writer is evident in his Socratic dialogues, thirty-six dialogues and thirteen letters have been ascribed to him. Plato’s writing has been published in several fashions, this has led to several conventions regarding the naming and referencing of Plato’s texts. Plato’s dialogues have been used to teach a range of subjects, including philosophy, logic, rhetoric, and mathematics.