Jean Jacques Rosseau (28 June 1712-2 July 1778) was a major Genevois philosopher, writer, and composer of 18th –century Romanticism. His political philosophy heavily influenced the French Revolution, as well as the American Revolution and the overall development of modern political, sociological and educational thought.
His novel, Emile: or, On Education, which he considered his most important work, is a seminal treatise on the education of the whole person for citizenship. His sentimental novel, Julie, OU la nouvelle Heloise, was of great importance to the development of pre-romanticism and romanticism in fiction. Rousseau’s autobiographical writings his Confessions, which initiated the modern autobiography, and his Reveries of a Solitary Walker, were among the pre-eminent examples of the late 18th-century movement known as the “Age of Sensibility”, featuring an increasing focus on subjectivity and introspection that has characterized the modern age.