Mohammad Abdus Salam (January 29, 1926, Jhang, Punjab, British Raj (present-day Pakistan) – November 21, 1996, Oxford, England) was a Pakistani theoretical physicist, astrophysicist, and Nobel laureate in Physics for his work in Electro-Weak Theory. Salam, Sheldon Glashow, and Steven Weinberg shared the prize for this discovery. Salam holds the distinction of being the first Pakistani and the first Muslim Nobel Laureate to receive the prize in the Sciences. Even today, Salam is considered one of the most influential scientists and physicists in his country.
Salam’s father was an officer in the Department of Education in a poor farming district. His family has a long tradition of piety and learning.
He obtained a Ph.D. degree in Theoretical Physics at Cambridge. His doctoral thesis contained fundamental work in Quantum Electrodynamics. By the time it was published in 1951, it had already gained him an international reputation and the Adams Prize.