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Summer Olympic Games

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The summer Olympic games or the Olympiad are an international multi-sport event, occurring every four years, organized by International Olympic Committee. Medals are awarded in each event, with gold medals for first place, silver for second, and bronze for third, a tradition that started in 1904. The winter Olympics were also created due to being the success of the summer Olympics.

The United States has hosted four Summer Olympics Games, more than any other nation. The United Kingdom will have hosted three Summer Olympic Games when they return to the British capital in 2012, all of them have been (and will be) in London, making it the first city to hold the Summer Olympic Games three times. China hosted the Summer Olympics for the first time in Beijing in 2008. In the 2016 Summer Olympics, Rio de Janeiro will host the first Summer Games in South America. Four cities have hosted two Summer Olympic Games: Los Angeles, London, Paris, and Athens. Stockholm, Sweden, has hosted events at two Summer Olympic Games, having hosted the games in 1912 and the equestrian events at the 1956 Summer Olympics- which they are usually listed as jointly hosting.

Five countries-Greece, Great Britain, France, Switzerland, and Australia (twice combined with New Zealand as Australasia) – have been represented at all Summer Olympic Games. The only country to have won at least one gold medal at every Summer Olympic Games is Great Britain.

Olympic Motto, Emblem Flag, Creed, and Oath

Motto: “Citius, Altius, the Forties” These are Latin words, which mean ‘Swifter, Higher and Stronger. They were composed in 1897 by rev. Father Didon, a friend of Baron Pierre de Coubertin, and introduced in the 1920 games for the first time.

Emblem: The emblem is composed of five intertwined rings, each of a different color, representing five continents of the world, placed at the center of the Olympic Flag.

Flag: The Olympic flag is white in color (originally made of cotton), 3m x 2m. The emblem placed in the middle is 206cm x 60cm. The flag was designed by Coubertin himself in 1913 and it was first hosted in 1920 at the Antwerp Games and the motto was then added to it.

Creed: “ The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win but to take part, just as the most important thing in life is not the triumph but the struggle. The essential thing is not to have conquered but to have fought well.”

Oath: An athlete of the host country recites the following at the opening ceremony. “In the name of all competitors, I promise that we will take part in these Olympic Games, respecting and abiding by the rules which govern them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship for the glory of sport and the honor of our terms”. Both the oath and the creed were composed by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, the founder of the modern Olympics.

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