Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill, KG, OM, CH, TD, PC, FRS (30 November 1874 -24 January 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He is widely regarded as one of the great wartime leaders. He served as Prime Minister from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. a noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, a historian, writer, and artist. To date, he is the only British Prime minister to have received the Nobel Prize in Literature, and the first person to be recognized as an honorary citizen of the United States.
During his army career, Churchill saw military action in India, Sudan, and the Second Boer War. He gained fame and notoriety as a war correspondent and through contemporary books, he wrote describing the campaigns. He also served briefly in the British Army on the Western Front in World War I, commanding the 6th battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers.