Coronaviruses are a new type of virus. There are many different kinds, and some cause infectious diseases. A newly identified type has caused a recent outbreak of respiratory illness now called COVID-19. The outbreak started in Wuhan, Hubei province, China, in December 2019. The World Health Organization (WHO) declared the outbreak to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern on 30 January 2020 and recognized it as a pandemic on 11 March 2020.
How Does the Coronavirus Spread?
Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough or sneeze. It also spreads when a person touches a surface or object that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose, or mouth.
Symptoms Of COVID-19
As the world health organization (WHO) information the COVID-19 virus affects different people in different ways. Most of the people (about 80%) recover from the disease without needing special treatment. More rarely, the disease can be serious and even fatal. Older people and people who have underlying medical conditions (such as asthma, diabetes, or heart disease) and those over 60 years old have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.
With the coronavirus, people may be sick within 1 to 14 days before developing symptoms. The disease causes respiratory illness (like the flu) with the most common symptoms of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) are dry cough, fever, and tiredness in more severe cases. Also, other common symptoms are shortness/difficulty of breath, pains, aches sore throat and very few people will report diarrhea, nausea or a runny nose.
Preventions Of COVID-19
Till now there’s no specific vaccine or treatments to prevent coronavirus (COVID-19) disease. So, the best way to prevent and slow down transmission is to be well informed about the COVID-19 virus, the disease it causes and how it spreads. However, there are many ongoing clinical trials evaluating potential treatments.
Also, at this time you can protect yourself and help prevent spreading the virus to others if you do and don’t do the following:
- Wash your hands frequently for 20-30 seconds, with soap and clean water or alcohol-based hand rub.
- Cover your nose and mouth with a disposable tissue or flexed elbow when you cough or sneeze.
- Stay home and self-isolate from others in the household if you feel unwell.
- Practice physical distancing by avoiding unnecessary travel and staying away from large numbers of people.
- Crucial to practice good hygiene, respiratory etiquette.
- Don’t touch your faces, eyes, nose, or mouth if your hands are not clean.
- Avoid close contact (1 meter or 3 feet) with people who are unwell.
- Avoid smoking and any other activities that can weaken your lungs.
Treatments Of COVID-19
There is no specific medicine to prevent or treat coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe.
Anyone with fever, cough or difficulty breathing should call their doctor promptly and seek medical attention.
If you have mild symptoms, stay at home until you’ve recovered. You can relieve your symptoms if you take good rest and sleep, always keep warm, drink plenty of liquids and use a room humidifier or take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough.
How Is COVID-19 Diagnosed?
Diagnosis may be difficult because mild cases of COVID-19 may appear similar to the flu or a bad cold. A laboratory test can confirm the diagnosis. But testing for COVID-19 is currently limited to people. So, call your doctor’s office first, if you suspect. Your doctor or nurse can assess your health status and risks over the phone. Then your they can then advise you about how and when to get tested and help guide you to the right type of care.
Don’t go to your doctor’s office in person, as you could be contagious.